Category Life in society

AMERICAN VOICES: Barbara and Kenny

In this section you will hear two very different perspectives on quality of life issues. Barbara, a teacher who lives in New York City, discusses urban, suburban, and rural lifestyles. Kenny, an environmental consultant, explains the reasons he has moved from one place to another.



1 Fill in the chart with your opinions about the advantages and disadvantages of life in urban, suburban, and rural environments. Use the box on the right to help you. It shows some of the different factors that affect our quality of life.








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Some factors
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quality of life

Family life
Pace of life


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Share your ideas in a small group. Add the ideas of other group members to your chart.

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1 Look at the following map. It is a map for all of Part One of the lecture. Notice that you already know some of the missing information because you listened to excerpts from Part One in the note-taking Lask on page 92. Copy your answers from that task on to the appropriate lines in this map.

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15“ t^rS a^e, ———- ~ New,

rvi. media = m. m. inc-kdes:

– kids:

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2 I Now listen to Part One of the lecture and complete the map.



Compare your map with a parLner.

LECTURE, PART TWO: Issues of Advertising and Invasion of Privacy


1 The following items contain important vocabulary from Part One of the lecture. Work with a partner. Using the context and vour knowledge of related words, take turns trying to guess the meanings of the words in bold.

1 The content is just an excuse, or a kind of wrapping, for the advertising.

2 There is an essential marketing relationship between the media, the advertiser, and the user.

3 Even print media has a high percentage of ads.

4 We are used to being bombarded by endless commercials.

5 Many of us use our remote controls to zap out the advertising with the mute button.

6 The media is invading our privacy.

7 Advertisers gather statistical data about people like you – potential consumers.

8 Information about you can be compiled and sold to other companies.

____ 9 you can be tracked if you make a few’ v isits to any Web site.


Work with your partner. Match the vocabulary terms w’ith their definitions by writing the letter of each definition below in the blank next to the sentence containing the correct term in step 1. Check your answers in a dictionary’ if necessary’.

a cover b get rid of c gathered d attacked, bothered e newspapers and magazines f followed

g getting into our private lives h buying and selling і people who might buy something

1 Look at the following notes from Part Two of the lecture. The note taker has just written down the words that he or she heard, without taking the time to organize them clearly. Think about the best way to organize this information in a map.





Now listen to the lecture and take notes on your own paper.

Use your notes to help you make a complete map of the lecture. You can either copy the map of Part 1 on page 93 on your own paper and add to it, or make another map in your own style.

4 Compare your map with a partner.

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Following is a paraphrase of the interviews with David and Amy. Fill in the blanks using your own words. In some cases, you will need to write more than one word.

David says that the _ _______ and the__________________

exacerbate the problem of juvenile crime. He believes that kids are essentially

____________ . He thinks they need more _

____________________ systems and after-school activities. He also thinks

they need good role models. However, he believes that if someone does commit a crime, the punishment should be________________________________________ , but

Amy says that to deter people from committing crime, you have to talk

about social factors such as whether there are enough

for everyone and enough social support systems. But if convicted criminals are

sent to jail, we need programs to______________________ them, such as drug

treatment programs and _____________________ programs. Unfortunately,

many of the programs that she thinks are needed have been

Amy believes that one reason there are so many recidivists is because criminals have a bad experience in jail. When prisoners are released, Amy

thinks they need_________________________________________ to help

them go back into society.

2 Compare your answers with a partner. Remember that your answers will probably not be exactly the same.



Incarceration rates per 100,000 population








United South Czech England/ Germany Denmark Nether – Japan

States Africa Republic Wales lands

Source: From p. 163, Michael Hughes, Carolyn J. Kroehler and James W. Vender Zanden, Sociology: The Core, 6e, © 2002. Reprinted with permission of The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Look at the following bar graph. It shows the incarceration rate per 100,000 people in eight countries. Incarceration means being pul into prison.


Discuss the following questions with a partner.

1 Which country had the most people in prison in 1985 (or 1989)? Which country had the least people in prison?

2 Which country’ had the most people in prison in 1995? Which country had the least people in prison?

3 What is your reaction to the information in the graph? Does any of the information surprise you? If so, why?

4 How do you think David and Amy would react to the information in th. e graph?

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INTERVIEW WITH BARBARA: Life in the city, country, and suburbs

Here are some words and phrases from the interview with Barbara printed in bold

and given in the context in which you will hear them. They are followed by definitions.

to escape from the urban ills: problems

unless you like to putter around and build things: spend time doing small projects around the house

Besides, the country has bugs: insects

You are being stung: bitten by insects

People who like a lot of stimulation, you know, can’t hack it: are not comfortable with it, dislike it

The whole car culture thing kicks in: becomes important

In the country and the suburbs, you’re labeled: thought of in a limited, restricted way by your neighbors




1 Read the following questions before you listen to the interview with Barbara.

1 What is interesting about living in a city?

2 What happens when city people go to the country?

3 Why are cars so important in the country?

4 What are the pros and cons of the suburbs?

5 Is city life lonely? Is it dangerous?




Now listen to the interview and take notes.

Work with a partner. Tell your partner part of the interview, and then let him or her continue. Include answers to the questions in step 1. (You can review your notes first, but do not look at them while you are speaking.)

INTERVIEW WITH KENNY: Pros and cons of city living

Here are some words and phrases from the interview with Kenny printed in bold and given in the context in which you will hear them. They are followed by definitions.

What finally drove me out was the traffic: made me leave I felt like I was trapped: unable to escape

I didn’t want them cheering for different sports teams: supporting I have my ups and downs: sometimes I feel good and sometimes I feel bad My mother was dropping my daughter off: bringing her home

This is just a law-abiding grandmother: someone who obeys the law Other people complain about graffiti: writing on walls wild, remote places: distant, away from the city, with few people Give me some trees, streams, boulders, and animals: rocks on gray drizzly days: rainy

The gray of the buildings blends in with the gray of the sky: mixes with, becomes like the ideal place to live: peifect, best

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Breaking the Rules


his unit examines crime and punishment. In Chapter 7, you will hear interviews with parents who are concerned about crime, and with two crime victims. You will also hear a lecture on types of crime and methods of solving crime. In Chapter 8, you will hear two perspectives on how society should try to keep crime rates low, including ways to prevent crime and punish criminals. The lecture is on one of the most controversial topics in the United States today – the death penalty.

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