1 What is your opinion about controlling crime? Write.4 (agree) or D (disagree) next to the following opinions.
1 Criminals should be punished. If people break the law, they deserv e to pay the price, no matter why they did it.
2 Having tough punishments can stop people from committing crimes. If we have severe punishments, people will think twice before they break the law.
___ 3 People need a second chance. If we try’ to reform criminals, by education,
psychological treatment, or other methods, we can turn them away from a life of crime.
___ 4 We need to provide a sense of security’ in society. Putting people who break
the law in prison is the only way to do that.
5 The most important thing we can do is try to prevent crime before it happens. Prevention is always better than punishment.
2 Share your answers in a small group. Then discuss as a class which opinions were the most controversial.
INTERVIEW WITH DAVID: Preventing juvenile crime
Here are some words and phrases from the interview with David printed in bold and given in the context in which you will hear them. They are followed by definitions.
I think the media exacerbates the problem: makes worse
We have thousands of security guards in the schools and metal detectors, too: machines that can detect guns, knives, and other weapons made of metal
And the kids get searched as they go into school: physically examined to see if they have weapons or illegal drugs
They are more likely to lash out and become violent: express anger Put them on a one-to-one basis and they’re usually very friendly: with one other person
The problem is that social support systems have really fallen apart: government and private organizations that give people help and encouragement / become worse due to lack of money
The funding for programs like these has been cut: money
But we also need harsher punishments: stronger, more serious Drug crimes carry a maximum sentence of twenty years or life imprisonment: punishment