О GETTING STARTED
In this section you will leant about the worldwide trend toward living in an urban environment, or city. You will begin to think about the advantages and disadvantages of city life.
1 Read the following passage.
Cities dominate social, economic, and cultural affairs today, but this was not always true. We lend to accept cities as facts of life, but actually they are a relatively recent phenomenon. A century ago, 86% of the world still lived in rural (country) areas, but today about 50% live in rural areas and about 50% live in urban areas (cities). By 2025, it is estimated that over 60% of the population will live in urban areas or suburbs (smaller communities just outside of a city).
City residents are offered a rich life full of excitement and opportunity. All over the world, more and more people are moving to urban environments in search of better jobs, a better education, or the possibility оГ more lifestyle choices. However, there are also many serious problems in cities, including homelessness, environmental pollution, crime, and noise.
Answer the following questions based on the information in the passage.
1 How has the population of urban areas changed during the past century?
2 Why do people move to cities?
3 What problems have developed in cities?
З I Read these questions and share your answers with a partner. 1 What features of city life appeal to you?
‘ 2 What features of city life do you dislike?
Look at the graph below and discuss the following questions with a partner.
1 What is the approximate population of the world today?
2 What can you predict about the population of the world in the year 2050?
3 In "Reading and Thinking About the Topic,” you read that more and more of the world’s population is moving to urban areas. What effect do you think that will have on urban life? What effect will it have on rural life?