Good lecturers make it easy to understand and lake notes on their lectures by using organizational phrases. These phrases may appear in the introduction, the body of the lecture, or the conclusion. You need to listen carefully for these phrases because they will show you the way the lecture is organized and when the main ideas are going to be introduced. Here are some examples of typical phrases:

In the introduction Today, I’m going to talk about. . .

First, I will. . .

Then I’m going to. . .

Finally, I will. . .

In the body of So, first, let’s look at. . .

the lecture Now let’s move on to my second topic, which is. . .

Finally, I want you to consider. . .

In the conclusion Let me summarize for you. . .

So, the three main points that we have examined today are. . .

1 The organizational phrases below are from the lecture. Work out the order in which you think they will appear. Write I next to the phrase that you think will come first in the lecture, 2 next to the second phrase, and so on.

___ a Now let’s turn to . . .

b I’m going to focus on three main ideas in this lecture. . . . c Secondly, I will describe. . . d The subject of todays lecture is. . . e To conclude, lets look at. . .

___ f First of all, we will consider. . .

___ g Finally, I’ll mention. . .

___ h First, then, . . .



Compare your answers with a parLner.


Now, listen to these phrases in the order that they actually appear in the lecture and note which comes first, second, third, and so on. Write the letter in the correct blank below.

1_ 2 _ 3 _ 4 _ 5 _ 6 _ 7 8

LECTURE, PART ONE: Reasons for Culture Shock


1 The following items contain important vocabulary from Part One of the lecture. Work with a partner. Using the context and vour knowledge of related words, take turns trying to guess the meanings of the words in bold.

1 Culture shock can be seen as a manifestation of group pressure in action.

2 Culture shock is a complex phenomenon.

____ 3 Cross-cultural studies have immense practical value for modern society.

4 when you grow up in a particular set of surroundings

5 the rules and guidelines that govern the behavior of the people around you

6 The rules of a social group are not clearly articulated.

7 People often behave irrationally when they are experiencing culture shock.

8 Jt is a highly stressful experience.


Work with your partner. Match the vocabulary terms with their definitions by waiting the letter of each definition below in the blank next to the sentence or phrase containing the correct term in step 1. Check your answers in a dictionary if necessary, a put into words

b not logically; not in a reasonable way c something that is complicated and not easy to understand d an example e place; environment f uncomfortable and difficult g very large h control


An oulline is a traditional format for organizing notes in English-speaking countries. In a formal outline, main points are usually indicated as Roman numerals (I, II, III, etc.). Under each main point there are usually supporting points – or details – that arc indicated as capital letters (A, В, C, etc.). Underneath these are Arabic numerals {I, 2, 3, etc.).

Remember that you may not be able to organize your notes in the best w’ay wliile you are listening to a lecture. But you should revise your notes as soon after the lecture as possible. [1]

Сл/lture Shock – — 6лroup FreSSure in Acfov

I definition of culture shock. = _____________________________

II 3 Main ideas



<P Applications of culture-shock research

III KeaSonS for culture shock

A one Set of rules growing, up — noti often articulated

5 other countries — _________________________________

C – can’t use ujour ovrn ________________________________

1 people act _________________________________

2 people feel ________________________________

2 I ЗІ 4


Now listen to Part One of the lecture. Take notes on your own paper.

Use your notes to complete the outline in step 1.

Compare the notes you took on your own paper and your completed outline for step 1 with a partner.

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