Work with a partner. Think of times in your own lives when vour parents or caregivers rewarded you, punished you, or provided you with a clear model. Tell your partner about your experiences and compare your stories. Which of the three methods were successful? Which were not? Why?


An issue becomes more interesting if you share your own opinion about it. Your ideas will probably be influenced by many factors, including your age, educational experience, and cultural background. It is likely that people with backgrounds different from yours will have different opinions.


Child care arrangements for preschool children

Source: U. S. Census Bureau, 1997


Parent cares for child while working

Look at the pie chart and read the list of possible arrangements for preschool child care – ways that children who are not yet old enough to go to school can be cared for.

Possible arrangements for preschool child care:

1 The mother stays home and takes care of the child.

2 The father stays home and takes care of the child.

3 The child is cared for by a relative, such as an aunt, uncle, or grandparent.

4 The child goes to a child-care center.

5 The child has a babysitter at home.

6 The child is cared for bv a babysitter in another home.


Review your notes on modeling from Part Two of the lecture. Then discuss the following question in a small group:

vour discussion:

You can use these phrases in

• / really think that. . .

• I strongly believe that. . .

• I am convinced that. . .

• I worry that. . .

• I am concerned about. . .

• The problem is that. . .

• The main advantage is that. . .

• A disadvantage might be that. . .

For each of the six possible arrangements listed in step I, what are the advantages and disadvantages for children and their parents in relation to modeling?

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